Contraindications and Concerns
This is a generalized overview of safety considerations for the average
A doctor or physical therapist should be consulted for any specialized
needs or concerns.
- Hyperextension - straightening a joint past it's normal position
- Do not lock joints - keep slightly flexed - soft joints
- Do not hyper extend (arch) lower back
- Maintain dynamic lumbar stabilization
- Do not over-extend leg in raised rear position
- Avoid back circling and back bends
- Do not hyper extend neck (looking upward)
- Keep range of motion and head movements slow and controlled.
- Avoid neck circles
- Hyper flexion - bending a joint more than normal
- Always support extremity under the joint.
- Do not restrict joint movement by holding in the knee or elbow,
such as hugging
the joint and pulling it to the body with the arms or
- Repeatedly rising on the toes and heels may weaken the long arches of
- Staying on toes - press heels to the floor to prevent shin splints.
- Isometric exercises should not be performed by those with high blood
pressure or heart
trouble. If done for stabilization of the trunk, BE SURE you breathe.
- Avoid hyperventilation - Over breathing - forced, rapid, or deep breathing
- Dehydration - excessive loss of water from the body, usually through
one of the
- Urination - caffeine/diuretic induced fluid loss
- Perspiration - sweat from exercise
- To avoid, do not restrict water during exercise
- Replenish fluids before, during, and after exercise.
- Encourage water bottles poolside.
- Avoid moving arms/legs rapidly from water to air or vice versa. An
keep arms in the water or keep arms out of the water for that exercise.
Copyright (c) 1995, Hydro-Tone Fitness Systems, Inc.