Glossary of Water Aerobics Terms
- Abduction - movement of the bone away from the central line of
- Adduction - movement toward the central line of the body.
- Aerobic - exercise with oxgeyn.
- Anaerobic - exercise without oxgeyn.
- Body Alignment - how the torso, limbs, spine,sholders are all in
ie. ear over the shoulder over the hips or the knee over the ankle.
- Body Composition - the percentage of body fat to lean body mass.
- Buoyancy - the body being suspened in water.
- Cardiovascular - the function pertaining to the utilization of
oxygen by the body through
use of the heart, lungs and the circulatory system.
- Charlie Horse - muscle cramp
- Contraindication - An activity thtat should not be performed in
general exercise classes.
- Dehydration - excessive loss of water from the body.
- Dorsiflexion - Bending the ankle upward.
- Eddy Resistance - the drag that happens as the body is moved
through the water.
Resistance equipment, and bent limbs will add to the eddy resistance
- Extention - (straightening) - increasing the angle between bones
or body parts; return
- Flexibility - Joint range of motion.
- Flexion - Movement that brings two body parts closer together
- Frontal Resistance - the resistance caused by the surface area
pushed through the water.
- Hyperextension - straightening a joint past it's normal position
- Hyperflexion - bending a joint more than normal
- Hyperventilation - Over breathing - forced, rapid, or deep breathing
- Isometric Exercise - consists of static contractions in which
the muscle is unable to
change length because of magnitude of the resistance.
- Lateral - movement to the side.
- Lean Body Mass - composed of bone, muscle, organs and body fluids.
- Lever - a limb that transmits and modifys force or motion when
forces are applied at two
points and turns about a third
- Maximum Heart Rate - the greatest number of times per minute the
heart is capable of
- Minimum Working Heart Rate - the lower end of the target zone.
number of times the heart should beat during exercise for cardiovascular
training to take
- Muscle Endurance - the ability to sustain activity for longer
periods of time.
- Optimum Working Heart Rate - the ideal number of heart beats per
cardiovascular training to take place.
- Perceived Exertion - exercise is more accurately done on how
hard you FEEL like
you're exercising than it is on heart rates.
- Plantarflexion - bending the ankle downward.
- Pronation - movement of the forearm from a palms-up to a
- Prone Position - laying face down.
- Range of Motion - the term refers specifically to the angle of
movement allowed by a
joint when one of it's bony levers or body segments moves from its
neutral position to its
- Resting Hear Rate - the numbers of times per minute the heart
beats when the body is at
- Shin Splints - term for the pain felt on the front and inside of
the lower leg due to
inflamed muscles and/or tendons.
- Side Stitch - pain in the side
- Soft Joints - keeping your joints slightly bent.
- Static Stretching - is streching a musle for a period of time
making it less likely to tear
the soft tissue.
- Supination - movement of the forearm from a palms-down to a
- Supine Position - laying face up.
- Talk Test - if you can't talk then you are exercising too hard.
- Target Zone (Working Heart rate Range) - the range withing which
needs to work for aerobic training to take place.
- Thermal Adjustment - adjusting the body to the water temperature
- Toning - tightening or firming of the muscles.
- Valsalva Maneuver - this is where a person holds their breath
Copyright (c) 1995, Hydro-Tone Fitness Systems, Inc.